Types of Cognac: The Ultimate Guide to Understanding Cognac

Types of Cognac: The Ultimate Guide to Understanding Cognac

Lets delve into the various types of cognac, helping you navigate the world of this exquisite spirit.

4 Types of Cognac: The Best Guide to Understanding Cognac

Cognac, a timeless and prestigious spirit, is celebrated for its elegance, complexity, and rich history. Produced in the Cognac region of France, this unique brandy undergoes meticulous crafting and aging. This offers a diverse range of flavors and styles. In this guide, we will delve into the various types of cognac . This helps you navigate the world of this exquisite spirit.

Types of Cognac - Blog

Cognac Classification

Appreciating the true essence of Cognac involves delving into the intricacies of its classification system. This foundational understanding enables aficionados to fully grasp the nuances that define this revered spirit. Cognac’s categorization hinges on crucial factors such as aging duration, quality, and origin, all of which are meticulously indicated by specific labels. By peeling back these layers of categorization and types of cognac, an enchanting panorama of flavors and experiences emerges, enhancing the appreciation of each carefully crafted Cognac.

VS (Very Special): An Introduction to Cognac’s Vibrant Beginnings

Embarking on the journey of Cognac exploration often starts with the VS (Very Special) classification. This category encapsulates Cognacs aged for a minimum of two years in oak barrels. The result is a youthful and invigorating spirit that dances on the palate with vibrant fruit flavors and an enchantingly lively character. Emanating an air of approachability, VS Cognac serves as an inviting entry point for individuals new to the world of this exceptional spirit. Its dynamic profile embodies the youthful exuberance that Cognac can offer.

VSOP (Very Superior Old Pale): A Symphony of Refined Complexity

As one ventures further into the world of Cognac, the VSOP (Very Superior Old Pale) classification beckons with its refined elegance. Aged for a minimum of four years, VSOP Cognac takes the senses on a journey of sophistication. The extended maturation period bestows a smoother and more polished character upon the spirit, accompanied by heightened complexity. Dried fruits, subtle oak, and a harmonious interplay of spices come to the forefront, creating a symphony of flavors that resonate with those who seek a more intricate and layered Cognac experience.

XO (Extra Old): The Culmination of Time and Flavor

For connoisseurs in pursuit of the pinnacle of Cognac aging, the XO (Extra Old) classification awaits. With a minimum aging period of six years, XO Cognac embodies the essence of time’s transformative power. Each year spent maturing in oak barrels contributes to a tapestry of deep and opulent flavors. Hints of dried fruits intermingle with the richness of dark chocolate, while intricate spices weave an elaborate narrative on the palate. XO Cognac stands as a testament to the artistry of aging, offering a profound tasting experience that exemplifies the mastery of Cognac production.

Hors d’Age: A Remarkable Journey Beyond Classification

At the zenith of Cognac’s classification lies the category of Hors d’Age. Transcending even the XO classification, Hors d’Age Cognac represents a realm of exceptional quality and age. Often regarded as the epitome of Cognac excellence, these remarkable spirits encapsulate a symphony of depth and rarity. Every sip becomes a journey through layers of flavors and aromas, a testament to the dedication and craftsmanship that have defined the legacy of Cognac production for centuries. In the realm of Hors d’Age, Cognac enthusiasts discover a realm of unparalleled taste and distinction.

In the symphony of Cognac classifications, each note contributes to the harmony that defines this extraordinary spirit. Understanding these classifications is akin to deciphering a musical composition, wherein every label tells a story of aging, craftsmanship, and the essence of time itself.

Types of Cognac: blog

Exploring Cognac Styles

Cognac comes in various styles that highlight the region’s diversity and creativity. Also, each style tells a unique story.

Single-Cru Cognac

Single-Cru Cognac originates from a specific vineyard or estate, highlighting the pronounced influence of terroir on flavor. These Cognacs showcase distinct characteristics tied to their origin, allowing for a deeper appreciation of the region’s nuances.

Blended Cognac

Blended Cognac is a masterful fusion of Cognacs from different distilleries and vintages. The art of blending allows producers to craft a consistent and balanced flavor profile. This appeals to a wide range of palates.

Vintage Cognac

Vintage Cognac takes shape from grapes harvested in a single year, providing a glimpse into the distinctive climatic conditions of that year. These Cognacs age gracefully, evolving over time to reveal layers of complexity.

The Distillation Process and Flavor Profiles

The creation of the different types of Cognac is an artful process that hinges on the technique of double distillation. It is a pivotal step that imparts distinctive flavors to this revered spirit. The double distillation process, a cornerstone of Cognac production, intricately shapes the aromatic and flavor profiles that enthusiasts so cherish. However, the tale of flavor development doesn’t end here; it extends to the very heart of the distillation setup, the method employed, and the meticulous selection of oak barrels, all of which come together harmoniously to orchestrate the symphony of taste that define all the different types of Cognac.

Cognac Production Zones

The production zones of Cognac, such as Grande Champagne, Petite Champagne, Borderies, Fins Bois, and Bons Bois en Bois Ordinaires, play a pivotal role in shaping the character and quality of all types of cognac.

The prestigious Grande Champagne and Petite Champagne regions, known as the “Champagne Crus,” produce Cognac with exceptional finesse and elegance, owing to their chalky soil and favorable microclimates.
The Borderies region stands out for its floral and fruity notes, showcasing the impact of its clay-rich soil.
Moving further, Fins Bois offers a broader range of flavors, while Bons Bois and Bois Ordinaires bring forth expressive and robust Cognacs.

Each zone contributes distinct terroir-influenced elements, affording Cognac enthusiasts the opportunity to explore a captivating spectrum of tastes and aromas that encapsulate the essence of their origins.

Types of cognac: Remy Martin

7 Famous Cognac Brands

An array of distinguished brands stands as testaments to centuries of dedication and innovation. Each brand weaves its own narrative, skillfully intertwining tradition with modernity. This craftsmanship results in types of Cognac that transcend being mere beverages. They evolve into embodiments of luxury and refined taste. In this section, we invite you to discover some of the most esteemed Cognac brands. Furthermore, it wil exemplify the essence of Moving Spirits’ commitment to excellence and sophistication.

Rémy Martin

Known for its luxurious offerings, Rémy Martin produces a range of Cognacs that cater to different preferences and occasions. The exceptional quality is particularly evident in their XO and VSOP expressions.


Hennessy is a globally recognized Cognac brand with a rich history of craftsmanship and their portfolio includes a variety of Cognacs. For example, the iconic Hennessy V.S and the premium Hennessy XO.
According to some people, Hennessy is one of the best cognac brands today. True or not, read this extensive article on possible reasons for this view: Hennessy Cognac: 5 Reasons Why It’s Considered to be the Best


With a history dating back to 1715, Martell is one of the oldest Cognac houses. They offer a diverse range of Cognacs, each crafted with a focus on elegance and refinement.


Courvoisier, yet another esteemed Cognac producer, proudly boasts a legacy that spans centuries. Their VSOP and XO expressions garner admiration for their harmonious flavors and meticulous craftsmanship.


Hine is known for its emphasis on quality and tradition. Their Cognacs often showcase a distinct elegance and a fine balance between fruitiness and complexity.


Camus stands as a family-owned Cognac house renowned for its dedication to sustainable practices and innovative expressions. Their Borderies XO is particularly notable.

Pierre Ferrand

Pierre Ferrand is renowned for its dedication to authenticity and traditional production methods. Their Cognacs often feature a depth of flavor and character.


Delamain specializes in producing premium Cognacs exclusively from Grande Champagne grapes. Their limited releases and focus on craftsmanship make them a choice for connoisseurs.

Cognac Collecting and Investment

Types of Cognac: Investing

Within the world of collectible Cognacs, limited-edition releases shine as the stars of exclusivity. These releases, often characterized by unique aging techniques, collaborations, or celebratory themes, create an aura of desirability that collectors eagerly seek. The scarcity of such releases, coupled with the enchantment of owning a piece of Cognac history, prompts enthusiasts to not only savor the contents but also to treasure the packaging and story behind each bottle. As limited-edition Cognacs become increasingly sought after, their value can appreciate significantly, marking them as exceptional additions to both collections and investment portfolios.

Craftsmanship Unveiled: Special Cask Finishes

One of the hallmarks of collectible Cognacs lies in the exploration of special cask finishes. With the artistry of aging taking center stage, Cognac producers experiment with various cask types, such as sherry, port, and wine casks, to infuse distinct flavors into the spirit. These experiments yield Cognacs that transcend the conventional, embodying a tapestry of taste that showcases the expertise of the producers. The marriage of Cognac with diverse cask influences not only elevates the flavor complexity but also adds an additional layer of uniqueness to the collectible spectrum. Consequently, Cognac enthusiasts and investors alike are drawn to these exceptional expressions, recognizing their potential to appreciate as masterpieces of craftsmanship.

Unveiling Uniqueness: Innovative Packaging

In the realm of collectible Cognacs, packaging becomes a canvas for creative expression. Meticulously designed bottles, artistic labels, and ornate enclosures offer a sensory experience that extends beyond taste alone. The marriage of liquid artistry with physical aesthetics enhances the overall appeal, transforming each bottle into a piece of coveted art. Collectors value these intricately designed vessels as not only containers of exquisite Cognac but also as tangible reflections of the passion and dedication that have gone into their creation. The innovative packaging of collectible Cognacs adds a layer of sentiment and value, attracting those who seek more than just a drink; they seek a captivating story encapsulated within each beautifully designed bottle.

In the world of Cognac, the concept of collectibility transcends the boundaries of traditional appreciation. Limited-edition releases, special cask finishes, and innovative packaging converge to present a captivating panorama of possibilities. As collectors and investors explore the evolving landscape of collectible and investment-worthy Cognacs, they embark on a journey where taste, craftsmanship, and history intertwine, creating a symphony that resonates with both the palate and the soul.


How should I store my Cognac?

Store Cognac upright in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight and temperature fluctuations.

Can I enjoy Cognac in Cocktails?

Absolutely! Cognac can be a luxurious base for cocktails like the classic Sidecar or the refreshing Sazerac.

Is Cognac only meant for sipping, or can it be paired with food?

While sipping Cognac is a popular choice, it can also be paired with various dishes, including desserts, cheeses, and savory meats.

Types of cognac barrels

Types of Cognac: Conclusion

As you journey through the world of Cognac, you’ll discover a tapestry of flavors, aromas, and traditions that reflect the artistry of its production. It is also important to note that each type of Cognac delivers a distinct and unique experience. Remember to savor the history and craftsmanship in every sip, and explore the diverse array of styles that the Cognac region has to offer.

In this guide, we’ve only scratched the surface of the intricacies of Cognac. By comprehending the various types of cognac, you enhance your ability to fully embrace the elegance and refinement that define this exceptional spirit.

Besides the different types of cognac, there is much more to learn about cognac. For example, read our blog “What is Cognac? Exploring the World of French Elegance”.

Moving Spirits, your wholesale supplier of cognac.

Are you looking for a cognac supplier that can help you stock your alcohol store? We have all the different types of cognac in stock for you! In our Sales Portal, where you can see our current stock 24/7, you can filter on all the cognacs we have. Here, we have made subdivisions as follows: cognac, armagnac, calvados and brandy.

We do not only sell the most famous and popular brands, such as Hennessy, Remy Martin or Martell, but we also choose to be a distributor of a number of import brands. With our continuous stock of more than 2,000 drinks, you will always be surprised by the extensive choice you have.